Sunday, September 04, 2016

It started September 5, 1882. Never forget. Work has s proud place in the history of the USA.

September 4, 2016
By Susan Miller

...Labor Day (click here) for many is all about a last blast at the beach with family and friends, backyard barbecues, school retail bonanzas and the grudging realization that sun-soaked play days are no more.

But the day has a deeper meaning and marks a pivotal moment in U.S. labor history — and it had a pretty violent start.

In the late 1800s, the state of labor was grim as U.S. workers toiled under bleak conditions: 12 or more hour workdays; hazardous work environments; meager pay. Children, some as young as 5, were often fixtures at plants and factories.

The dismal livelihoods fueled the formation of the country’s first labor unions, which began to organize strikes and protests and pushed employers for better hours and pay. Many of the rallies turned violent.

On Sept. 5, 1882 — a Tuesday — 10,000 workers took unpaid time off to march in a parade from City Hall to Union Square in New York City as a tribute to American workers. Organized by New York’s Central Labor Union, It was the country’s first unofficial Labor Day parade. Three years later, some city ordinances marked the first government recognition, and legislation soon followed in a number of states....

I will not be addressing any more topics until Tuesday. 

Happy Labor Day!

The future for energy is alternative sources and there is no going back. Let the global community realize how dangerous hydraulic fracturing of rock absolutely is.

Earth is divided into different regions where there is extreme pressure such as the center Earth is liquid.

The crust (click hereranges from 5–70 km (~3–44 miles) in depth and is the outermost layer. The thinnest parts are oceanic crust, while the thicker parts are continental crust. Most rocks at the Earth’s surface are relatively young (less than 100 million years old, compared to the Earth’s age, which is approximately 4,4 billion years), but since we found some rocks which are much older, we know that Earth has had a solid crust for at least 4.4 billion years....

The crust is where human beings live. The crust of Earth varies in thickness. The thinnest part is considered to be at the ocean's bottom. Approximately three miles thick. 12,000 feet is slightly more than 2.2 miles. That means offshore oil rigs are nearly touching the upper layers of Earth's mantle, the asthenosphere. The Deepwater Horizon was that type of rig. 

The well in the Tiber field has a vertical depth of 35,050 ft (10,683 m) and a measured depth of 35,055 ft (10,685 m), below 4,132 ft (1,259 m) of water.  The well was the deepest oil well in the world,

The Deepwater Horizon's drill went through 4,132 feet (a mile is 5280 feet) of water to reach the ocean floor and then drilled 35,050 feet into Earth's crust. 35,050 feet is over 6.6 miles. This is insane. The petroleum industry is drilling deeper and deeper because all the more shallow oil locations are dried up. This is desperate and crazy. 

Depending on the rig type, (click here)) offshore rigs are rated to drill in water depths as shallow as 80 feet to as great as 12,000 feet. The greatest water depth a jackup can drill in is 550 feet, and many newer units have a rated drilling depth of 35,000 feet. On the floating rig side, the deepest water depth in existence today is 12,000 feet. A handful of these rigs have a rated drilling depth of 50,000 feet, but most of the newer units are rated at 40,000 feet.

The deepest well drilled in the Bakken formation (click here) is: 

That being said, here are some deep wells in the Bakken: (click here)
  • 23532, 527, CLR, Louisville 2-9H, Last Chance, t2/13; cum 12K 3/13; total depth: 26,555 feet; NWSW 10-153-100, runs east-to-west, sections 9/8/7-153-100 (it is sited just inside section 10); it runs under the river. Section 8 is entirely under the river. 44 stages; 3.65 million lbs, sand and ceramic.
26,555 feet is 5 miles deep. That means the crust of the Earth in the North American craton. The Bakken's wells are playing a part in the earthquake that occurred across the North America craton into Iowa. The depth of drilling is extreme no differently the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico. The other more superficial oil and gas fields are dried up, so desperate oil barons simply don't care. The CEO of BP didn't care and 11 people died. They are focused on one thing, money.

The North America craton was the most stable continental formation on Earth. That changed with the greed driven seismic activity that stretched from Oklahoma to Iowa. 

See, the instability occurs at both ends of the activity.

The Pawnee quake was 4.5 km  (2.8 miles) depth (click here) I believe the innumerable holes in the Earth's crust in the North America craton is what spawned the continuous crack this time. Drilling deeper and more often of Earth's crust is not the answer to responsible energy. This mess should have ended a long time ago. The USA military uses a combination fuel for it's jets because the leaders saw the finite quantity of oil and gas. Jets don't run on coal. 

The only reasonable answer at this point is for the fracking industry to be examined and assessed to it's damage to our country's lands. 

The wells that were suppose to be the answer to contaminated fracking water obviously are not the answer at all. Every well drilled with waste water instilled needs to be sampled for the level of corrosive content. The water needs to be removed safely. There will be some water that cannot be siphoned out so neutralizing solutions will have to be instilled where the water used to be in hopes it will reach the corrosive water. Hopefully the 'antidote' solution will end the corrosive nature of the wells danger to the land. These lousy wells have arms that go east, west, north and south and any combination possible. 

The corrosive nature of the water has to be neutralized. Hopefully, we can end this danger and such seismic activity will end. But, the fracking industry is over. It is PROVEN by the very industry itself it is too dangerous to provide any valuable product to the American landscape.

Yes, the USA is not left with the demand for a changing energy scheme that will no longer include any fracking wells.

I am grateful to President Obama and the US Congress for their investment into alternative sources of energy, it has never been so insightful. The USA will need more alternative energy sources in the future while the market for oil and gas degrades to an industry grossly outdated without the technology to make it safe. Fracking was never safe. NOW, the American people finally understand the truth being spoken by scientists for the past few decades. 


Flooding is too unpredictable to take chances.

The projected path of Hermine maybe over the ocean, but, peripheral winds and rains can still be worrisome. Hermine is mostly considered a tropical depression, but, can regain velocity again when the eye is over the Atlantic Ocean.

September 4, 2016
By Jessica Anderson and Erica L. Green
Gov. Larry Hogan ordered the Maryland National Guard (click here) to deploy units to Ocean City on Saturday, as the coast remained under a tropical storm warning and is expected to see significant flooding.
National Guard officials announced the deployment as Tropical Storm Hermine regained strength and continued moving slowly up the Eastern Seabord. Guard officials called the deployment a "precautionary measure," but said that in previous storms the Guard has used Humvees and other tactical trucks to drive through high water.
Ocean City officials said they planned to close the Inlet parking lot and beach at 8:30 p.m. Saturday until further notice, and expected that tropical storm conditions would last through Monday.
Hogan also issued a warning to residents who planned to travel to Ocean City for the Labor Day weekend.
September 4, 2016
UNISYS Water Vapor Satellite of the north and western hemisphere (click here for 12 hour loop - thank you)

For the most part Hawaii waved at Lester as it passed by. That was a close one.

Hawaii's longitude is 155.58 degrees west and latitude is 19.892 west. Below is Lester's path. At 20.10 and -149.80 Lester went from a tropical depression to a category 2 hurricane in 4 hours from 0800 to 1100. 4 Hours and Hawaii could have received a far different outcome.

35A: 19.30 -148.00 09/02/02Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
36  : 19.70 -148.40 09/02/05Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
36A: 19.70 -149.20 09/02/08Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
37  : 20.10 -149.80 09/02/11Z   90   972 HURRICANE-2
37A: 20.80 -151.90 09/02/14Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
 38 : 20.50 -151.00 09/02/17Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
38A: 21.30 -153.00 09/02/20Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
 39 : 21.20 -152.40 09/02/23Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
39A: 21.30 -153.00 09/03/02Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
 40 : 21.80 -153.90 09/03/05Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION
 41 : 22.40 -155.40 09/03/11Z    -     - TROPICAL DEPRESSION

September 2, 2016
By Big Island Video News

Hawaii Island - The Big Island (click here) is no longer under a Hurricane Watch, however county emergency officials are taking precautions as large ocean swells generated by Hurricane Lester are still expected to impact East Hawaii shores.
“For those who anticipate impact from High Surf,” civil defense officials stated in a 2:15 p.m. message, “shelters will open at 5 PM today at Pahoa Community Center and at Keaukaha – Kawananakoa Gym.”
A High Surf Warning is now in effect for East Hawaii shores until 6 a.m. Sunday morning.
Surf heights will rise to 10 – 15 feet tonight, and continue rising to 15 – 25 feet Saturday. Warning level surf will continue into Saturday night.
The National Weather Service expects high impacts.